Data Recovery Glossary

IDE to Internal Drive

Data Recovery Glossary home

List of pages

A - Access Rights to ASCII

B - Backup to BTRFS

C - CANON_DC to Cross-linked Files

D - DAS to Dynamic Disk

E - ECC to External Hard Drive

F - Failed Disk to fsck

G - Gigabyte to GUID

H - Hard Drive to Hybrid Disk

I - IDE to Internal Drive

J - JBOD to Jumper

L - LBA to LVM

M - Megabyte to Motherboard

N - NAS to Nuke & Pave

O - Operator Error to Overwritten Data

P - Parallel ATA to PSU

Q - QNAP to Quota

R - RAID to Resident File

S - SAS to Synology Hybrid RAID

T - Tailpacking to TrueCrypt

U - UDMA to USB Thumbdrive

W - WD to Write-Through Cache




IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) - see ATA.


Initialization - a process preparing a disk array for use. Initialization involves a first-time parity calculation for all data in RAID5, or making a full disk-to-disk copy in RAID1.


i-node - a block storing file metadata such as attributes, data location, and other important information in traditional UNIX/Linux filesystems such as UFS or Ext.

Intention log

Intention log - see Journaling filesystem

Interleave factor

Interleave factor - a number of sectors which pass under a read/write head while the hard drive processes the sector it just read, before it starts dealing with the next sector. Sectors on a track are arranged in a specific pattern so that as the processing of the sector is complete, the next sector is just arriving under a head. Proper interleaving significantly reduces rotational latency. Interleaving is not used in modern hard drives because processing speed increased significantly.

Internal drive

Internal drive - a device to store data, connected to a computer motherboard directly.

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